Monday, May 12, 2008

Whats Coco Butter For? Dark Spots

Eclanesi Anthology: Visit to Aeclanum

Brief Anthology Eclanesi

Aeclanum, Roman street and homes
The ottimosito makes it an excellent description of the site of the city Eclanesi Irpinia. Let us turn repeat reading with an invitation to visit the archaeological park, where they are going further archaeological excavations by the Archaeological Superintendence of the provinces of Salerno and Avellino, led by new Superintendent Dr. Maria Luisa Nava.


In Passo of Mirabella, the Town of Mirabella Eclano (AV), you can visit the ruins of the ancient city of Aeclanum, one of the main centers of the Sunni tribes of Irpinia. The Italian archaeologist

Sgobba came to, in the 30, four Oschi epigraphic monuments: one bore the name of Mamers (Oscan name of the god Mars), represented another altar tuff dedicated to the goddess Mephitis (now the National Museum of Naples), part of a sacred place situated outside the city walls on the Via Appia, indicating a third unidentified construction ordered by magus Falco and the cult of the relevant quarter god Faunus.

Aeclanum - Road Roman and homes.

The Appian Way and the eastern necropolis. The city of

Aeclanum in Roman times, was in the form of a corymb and extension of 18 hectares, was defended by a wall 1820 meters long. and built in opus reticulatum, prism compact travertine and sandstone.

The walls rose more than 10 meters. and were interrupted by at least three ports on the sides bounded by square towers (turres), more than 5 meters. each side, and every 20 meters. were smaller towers (hemiturres), 2.5 mt. each side, that did not exceed in height, as the largest, the curtain wall (thus called "moiré turres aequae Qum", or "towers as high as the wall"). The thickness of the fortifications is included, at various points, between 2.12 to 2.40 meters.

Through the door came in Aeclanum West Via Appia, from Benevento, and came out through the eastern door. At the time of the Civil War (89 BC), Aeclanum was protected only by a ring of wood, then set on fire by Sulla when, realizing that waiting for help from Eclanesi Lucanians accastare around the walls of ordered bundles of sticks, burned after he spent the time allowed by the dictator to surrender. Aeclanum it was plundered and occupied

Roman road with wagon tracks.

because had not voluntarily surrendered to the Romans but also to convince other cities Irpinia yet arisen to lay armi.Dopo the Social War, around 87 BC, the city became a municipality the right to vote and registered to Tibu Cornelia. Later, at the time of Emperor Hadrian (in about 120 AD), assumed the status of colony under the name "Aelia Augusta Aeclanum.

Aeclanum - The Spa.

Other roads, as well as the Appia, interested Aeclanum and its territory: the way Aeclanum - aequum Tuticum that connected it to Puglia, the way Herculia crossing the eastern part of the court and the Via Aurelia Eclanesi Aeclanensis proceeded in that direction of Ordona.Al Roman period, most of imperial date the construction and renovation of public works such as the Baths, the Macellum, the Gymnasium, the Forum, the Amphitheatre, the Theatre and the "pecuarium forum (market cattle pasture).

Aeclanum - The area of \u200b\u200bmacellum. The

Macellum (covered market), probably not in the vicinity of the hole, present in a central square and round a tank that may have been adorned with a fountain, and the slaughterhouses Tholus consists of some pillars in opus vittatum and enhanced by marble flooring . The Spa is the monument I find most of the excavations: the construction technique is opus mixtum and are commonly found environments tepidarium of the steam bath and frigidarium.

Aeclanum - Pompeian Domus type.

area of \u200b\u200bthe Baths was found a fine marble statue depicting Niobide and now housed in a room of the Museum Irpino of Avellino, where they are exposed to numerous findings from Aeclanum. On another occasion he was picked up a fragment of a statue of Harpocrates, dated to the second century AD and represents the god boy with the horn of plenty.

Among the private homes is a visible kind of Pompeian domus, which in late period was converted to a workshop for the manufacture of glass. Very important are also the remains of an early Christian basilica with the baptismal font (baptisterium) shaped like a Greek cross with three steps on all four sides covered with marble from home (another baptistery similar to Aeclanum is attributable to the city of Venosa). The basilica was three aisles and fosre, with a front porch (narthex).

The baptistery of the early Christian basilica.

At a lower level than the religious building was discovered a room with four giant bottles (dolii), used to preserve crops alimentari.Sicuramente Aeclanum represented a major city of the Sannio Irpino. The same
Silla , after the siege of Pompeii, he went directly against the city, regardless

other urban centers or Abellinum as Nola, who were on the route. It is assumed that it may have served as the capital of Sunni at the time of the Civil War and that the population counted on four to five thousand inhabitants when he assumed the role of the colony and its territories passed the extension of 700 kmq.Nel 369 AD a violent earthquake struck Aeclanum with disastrous consequences in an epigraph umbos ManNAc, of senatorial rank, is called "ex-maker maxima part etiam civitatis nostrae."

Aeclanum - Base for fistula of the press.

Later, in 410 AD, the passage of Alaric and the Visigoths from Campania to Apulia with devastating damage to the city. He was involved in the wars between the Goths and Byzantines in the sixth century AD until the arrival of the Lombards (570 AD) and the transit of Byzantium Emperor Constans II, directed the siege of Lombard Benevento, smothered under a film of the destruction last traces of a Roman past.

View of the spa area.

Outside the Aeclanum street circuit, you can admire the remains of a public building (the unknown function) with fence and brick walls at the site of the church of Santa Maria di Pompei collapsed after the earthquake of 1980.

Admire also the eastern part of the necropolis (III-IV century AD) funerary monuments and fences at the sides of the Via Appia and the Via Nazionale in the vicinity of present-day Pass.
Source: The Samnites.